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Summary
Duomo - abcFirenze.com

Location and History

The cathedral of Florence or Duomo, is the result of six centuries of work. The city hired Arnolfo di Cambio to design a new Duomo in 1296 on the site of the Roman basilica of Santa Reparata of which there are still visible remains. Numerous local artists continued to work on it during the following century and a half.
In 1366 all new work should follow Roman forms, including an octagonal dome 42 metres in span to be built at the east end of the nave. The dome was not built until the early 15th century, when Brunelleschi, master architect and sculptor, began to make statues for the cathedral. Gradually he became interested in the building itself and built some smaller parts of it. In about 1415 he prepared a design for the dome that he daringly proposed to build without the aid of formwork, which had been absolutely necessary in all previous Roman and Gothic construction.
The existing neo-Gothic façade was added in the 19th century executed by Emilio de Fabris has taken the place of one which was destroyed at the end of the 16th century.

Description

The interior is so huge that 10,000 people can fit inside. You must check out the amazing marble inlaid floor which is laid out in an intricate mosaic design.
Gaddo Gaddi was commissioned to mosaic an Enthronement of Mary in the lunette above the inside of the main door and Lorenzo Ghiberti designed the stained-glass windows set in the facade. The frescoes on the interior of the dome were designed by Giorgio Vasari but painted mostly by his less-talented student Frederico Zuccari by 1579.
If you are in shape and it is a nice day you can climb up the stairs of the dome (414 steps) and get a spectacular birds eye view of Florence from the top.
Entrance to the Duomo is free but you have to pay a small fee to climb to the top.
The Cathedral Museum (Museo dell'Opera del Duomo) houses famous statues from the former façade, from the interior and from the campanile, as well as manuscripts from the cathedral's possession.


Federico Zuccari
Lorenzo Ghiberti
Giotto
Donato Di Niccolò dei Bardi
Domenico di Francesco
Giovanni del Biondo
Benedetto da Maiano
Bernardo Daddi (Pittore) con il dipinto "Santa Caterina d'Alessandria" databile nel periodo 1310 - 1348.
Bicci di Lorenzo (Pittore) con gli affreschi "Monumento a Luigi Marsili" del 1439 e "Monumento a Pietro Corsini" del 1422.
Francesco Botticini (Pittore) con il dipinto "Tobia e san Raffaele Arcangelo e un giovane donatore" databile nel periodo 1480 - 1490.
Giovanni di Antonio di Banco said Nanni di Banco (Scultore) con la statua "Isaia" del 1408 e con il rilievo "Madonna dà la cintola a san Tommaso e angeli" databile nel periodo 1414 - 1421.
Lorenzo di Bicci (Pittore) con i dipinti del 1398 "San Matteo Evangelista", "San Marco Evangelista" e "San Giovanni Evangelista".
Luca Della Robbia (Scultore) con la formella a rilievo "San Giovanni Evangelista e angeli" databile nel periodo 1464 - 1465.
Mariotto di Cristofano (Pittore) con lo scomparto di polittico "San Cosma e san Damiano; Cristo Redentore benedicente; Miracolo di san Cosma e san Damiano; Martirio di san Cosma e san Damiano" del 1429.
Mariotto di Nardo (Pittore) con i dipinti "Sant'Agostino", "Sant'Ambrogio" e "Cristo Redentore benedicente" databili nel periodo 1400 - 1405.
Rossello di Jacopo Franchi (Pittore) con il dipinto "San Biagio in trono" del 1408.

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